Poulantzas, Nicos


Poulantzas, Nicos
(1936-79)
Greek by origin, Poulantzas made his name in France, as (together with Louis Althusser) the leading representative of so-called structuralist Marxism. The first book of his to gain significant attention was his Political Power and Social Classes, which was published in the midst of the 1968 troubles in France. In it he outlined the concept with which his name is normally associated-the relative autonomy of the capitalist state . This concept, and the ‘regional theory’ of the political of which it was a part, were then applied to an analysis of the rise of fascism in the inter-war period (Fascism and Dictatorship, 1970).
In the years that followed, Poulantzas devoted himself to purely theoretical matters, and in 1974 published his Classes in Contemporary Capitalism, which was an extensive elaboration of the anti-humanist concept of class that he had first mooted in 1968. His last two books were a study of the collapses of the Iberian dictatorships (The Crisis of the Dictatorships, 1975), and an intervention into several then contemporary disputes in sociological theory (State, Power, Socialism, 1978). The latter is noteworthy for its trenchant critique of Michel Foucault's conception of power in capitalist societies.
Poulantzas made a significant contribution to the reconstruction of Marxism and (some have argued) to sociology generally, although it has also been suggested that the latter has yet to be fully appreciated, thanks to the combination of his own early death and changes in academic fashion (see’s Nicos Poulantzas: Marxist Theory and Political Strategy, 1985). For a more sceptical assessment see’s discussion of ‘The Problem of Class Action’ in hisSolidarity and Schism (1992).

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Poulantzas, Nicos — (1936–1979)    The most influential of Louis Althusser’s disciples, Nicos Poulantzas developed Althusser’s structuralist approach applying it in the elaboration of a Marxist theory of the state. He also contributed to Marxist analyses of classes… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Poulantzas — Poulantzas, Nicos …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Nicos Poulantzas — (Greek: Νῖκος Πουλαντζᾶς; 21 September 1936, Athens, Greece  – 3 October 1979, Paris, France) was a Greek Marxist political sociologist. In the 1970s, Poulantzas was known, along with Louis Althusser, as a leading …   Wikipedia

  • Poulantzas — Nicos Poulantzas (* 1936; † 1979, Suizid) war ein griechisch französischer Politologe und Philosoph, der hauptsächlich in Frankreich (als Dozent für Soziologie in Paris), vorübergehend auch an der Goethe Universität in Frankfurt, lehrte und… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicos Poulantzas — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Nicos Poulantzas — (griech.: Νίκος Πουλαντζάς; * 21. September 1936 in Athen, Griechenland; † 3. Oktober 1979 in Paris, Frankreich) war ein griechisch französischer Politologe und Philosoph, der hauptsächlich in Frankreich (als Dozent für Soziologie in Paris),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Nicos Poulantzas — (ou Nikos) (en grec Νίκος Πουλαντζάς) (1936 1979), philosophe, politologue et sociologue français d origine grecque né en 1936 et mort en 1979. Il était marié avec Annie Leclerc. Penseur marxiste et militant du parti communiste grec de l… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Nicos — may refer to: Nicos Anastasiades (born 1946), a Cypriot politician and leader of the right wing political party DISY Nicos Jiapouras (born 1970), a Cypriot International footballer Nicos Nicolaides, a Greek painter and writer Nicos Panayiotou… …   Wikipedia

  • Nikos Poulantzas — Nicos Poulantzas Nicos Poulantzas (ou Nikos) (en grec Νίκος Πουλαντζάς) (1936 1979), philosophe, politologue et sociologue français d origine grecque né en 1936 et mort en 1979. Il était marié avec Annie Leclerc. Penseur marxiste et militant du… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Miliband-Poulantzas debate — The Miliband Poulantzas debate was a debate in Marxist theory between Ralph Miliband and Nicos Poulantzas concerning the nature of the state. See also Structure agency debate Categories: Marxist theoryDebates …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.